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According to The British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons, breast enlargements are the most-popular type of cosmetic surgery in the UK. A total of 10,015 people went under the knife in 2011 and numbers were up by 6.2 per cent from 2010 – showing a significant increase in demand. Contrary to popular belief, however, boob jobs are not a modern surgery. They can be traced back to the early nineteenth century, so let’s take a look at how this procedure has evolved:
These days, breast implant surgery is carried out by reputable surgeons in safe, clean hospitals – but things have not always been this way. In the nineteenth century, women were subjected to a wide range of controversial surgeries and were put in the hands of experimental medics. That’s right; they had everything from glass balls to ox cartilage inserted into their chest and even ivory, ground rubber and polythene were used. The results were often fatal, but things got even worse when Austrian physician, Robert Gersuny, started to use paraffin injections.
While some lessons were learnt from nineteenth century practises, surgeons continued to get things wrong in the decades that followed. In the 1920s, many physicians thought it would be a good idea to transfer fat from other parts of the body – but this did not work. The results were not sustainable and women were left with dissatisfied. Silicone injections were also used to increase the size of the chest, but this technique often led to mastectomies.
After much trial and error, the plastic surgery industry was revolutionised with the help of two plastic surgeons. Texans Thomas Cronin and Frank Gerow developed the first silicone implants and introduced them to the public in 1963. While they were popular for some time, they were soon found to be weak and doctors deemed them unsafe. As the years passed, a saline breast implant was developed and this provided women with a safer alternative.
Twenty first century
Breast enlargement procedures have come on leaps and bounds in recent years and more women are going under the knife than ever before. While there are different breast implants available, many clinics use those produced by Allergan – the world’s biggest manufacturer of implants. Allergan implants are subject to over 100 quality control tests during the production process and conform to a wide range of quality standards. Surgical techniques have also improved dramatically, with small incisions now being made under the breasts, in the armpit or even the naval to make scarring as minimal as possible. A number of products have also been invented, which allow women to boost their assets without the need for surgery. Breast-enhancing lingerie, for instance, is popular these days, as are certain creams such as Rodial Boob Job gel – which claims to improve the chest and décolleté.
Boobs jobs have improved dramatically over the centuries and are available at clinics across the UK – but would you have any work done?
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